The Arduino IDE is an easy-to-use C++ compiler specially adapted to programming Arduino-compatible microcontrollers. You do not actually need to know how to program because all the IoT Kits software is ready-to-run. The IDE will upload the IoT Kits firmware to the microcontroller used in the kits.
There are many tutorials online. Try this YouTube tutorial from www.opensourcehardware.com: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YDkdVZ7e3OY
After installing the IDE you must install the ESP8266 core that enables the microcontroller used in the kits to understand the Arduino code.
- Download and install the Arduino Integrated Development Environment (IDE) on your PC. The latest version is 1.8.9 at www.arduino.cc/en/Main/Software. Select “Windows Installer, for Windows XP and up” or “Mac OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion or newer”. You can make a contribution if you wish or you can select “Just download”.
- Start the Arduino IDE and open File | Preferences. Check “Display Line Numbers” and “Enable Code Folding”.
- Add the ESP8266 core with the instructions in steps 1 & 2 below. For reference see https://github.com/esp8266/Arduino and watch this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7St5Ra21Cpw this one: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q2k3CzT5qE0&t=322s
- Enter http://arduino.esp8266.com/stable/package_esp8266com_index.json into “Additional Board Manager URLs” field. You can copy from this web page and paste into the IDE to avoid typing errors. Close the Preferences dialog.
- In the IDE, open the Tools | Board | Boards Manager menu and install esp8266 by ESP8266 Community. You can find it quickly by typing esp8266 into the “Filter your search…” field. Click Close when done.
- From the Tools | Board menu, select LOLIN(WEMOS) D1 R2 & mini as your microprocessor.
- Plug in a Micro USB cable to the D1 Mini and your computer. It should install a COM port. Set menu item Tools | Port to the COM port of your D1 Mini.
- Test the IDE by running the Blink example:
- Open menu item File | Examples. Look in the section “Examples for WeMos D1 R2 and mini” Find ESP8266 then Blink. Open the Blink sketch.
- Upload the sketch to your D1 Mini by clicking the Upload button or Control + U.
- The LED on the D1 Mini will flash every two seconds.
- Add the following libraries to the IDE using instructions at https://www.arduino.cc/en/guide/libraries:
- BME280 by Tyler Glenn – use Sketch | Include Library | Manage Libraries… Search for BME280
- ThingSpeak by MathWorks – use Sketch | Include Library | Manage Libraries… Search for ThingSpeak
- BH1750 – download from https://github.com/claws/BH1750 Install with Sketch | Include Library | Add .ZIP Library…